As the pace of life continues to accelerate, people’s pressures are increasing, and many people ignore their health when they are busy with work. In recent years, the number of patients with colorectal cancer has been rising. Many patients with colorectal cancer are already in the middle and late stages of treatment. This is mainly because patients have insufficient understanding of colorectal cancer and cannot find the “signal” from colorectal cancer in time. Caused by.
What are the “signals” of colorectal cancer?
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world, and it currently ranks third among all cancers in China. With the rapid growth of China’s economy, people’s lifestyles are increasingly diversified, and the incidence of colorectal cancer is also increasing at an average annual rate of 4% to 5%.
Colorectal cancer, colorectal cancer, is one of the few cancers that can be prevented. In recent years, the incidence of colorectal cancer has increased year by year, and the elderly are the main affected population. However, in fact, young people in their 30s and 40s are still no longer suffering from colorectal cancer.
If there are five major “signals” (including some abnormalities in bowel movements), consider the possibility of colorectal cancer:
Fecal habits change. Early diarrhea, constipation or alternating diarrhea and constipation may occur.
The blood in the stool. The cause of blood in the stool is mainly caused by tumor rupture.
Anemia. Tumor growth requires a large supply of blood, so as the tumor grows, patients can experience varying degrees of anemia. In addition, blood in the stool can also cause anemia.
Abdominal pain and bloating discomfort. The tumor continues to grow, and some patients will have abdominal pain and discomfort.
Abdominal lumps. The right colon has anatomical features such as large lumen and thin wall. The contents of the intestinal lumen are mostly liquid, and the tumor can grow into the intestinal lumen. 60%-70% of the patients in the middle and late stages can be in the right middle abdomen. Touching a hard mass, this is a sign of right colon cancer.
How to prevent colorectal cancer?
In daily life, you should actively exercise, control your weight, avoid the stimulation of the intestines by bad habits such as drinking, high-fat diet, and properly supplement coarse grains and fresh vegetables. Foods rich in dietary fiber, such as fruits.
Because early symptoms of colorectal cancer are not obvious, people over the age of 50 should have at least one colonoscopy every 10 years. A high-risk group with a family history should be screened for colonoscopy every 5 years over the age of 40.